Keeping women and children safe during COVID-19-related home confinement

In Progress


Intimate Partner Violence

This study is part of the MAP/St. Michael’s Hospital Foundation COVID-19 Catalyst Fund, launched to advance our most urgent priority projects. Learn more


Staying safe when stay-at-home restrictions are in place:

About This Project

Early reports from China and Europe suggest upwards of a three-fold increase in intimate partner violence in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic. In Canada, a similar spike is likely taking place; job losses, school closures, financial instability, and social isolation have all been linked to increased intimate partner violence risk for decades.

Physical distancing requirements are preventing many community services and health-care providers from reaching and developing safety plans (i.e. detailed plans for the logistics of leaving an abusive partner) for women living with intimate partner violence. What’s more, safety planning strategies that are appropriate for times of public health emergencies do not currently exist. New solutions are urgently needed.

Technology based safety-planning for women and children living with violence

In consultation with service providers and survivors, we’re working to rapidly review the literature and generate new best practices for safety planning during the pandemic. We will then put these strategies into practice via our WITHWomen Pathways app.

The modified Pathways app will then be launched throughout greater Toronto and Hamilton, Ontario using a sophisticated social-media advertising campaign. Simultaneously, we will develop and distribute toolkits for health-care providers who can use the Pathways app to screen women for IPV and connect them with in-person and telehealth services.

This solution could be scaled up to address intimate partner violence worldwide. We will make the code and design of the modified Pathways app widely available for anyone to adapt to their local setting.

The Outcome

Our findings and technology could help support and protect hundreds of women and children during this critical time, and will provide lessons — and code — to enable service access during future public health crises around the world.


Intimate Partner Violence

Dr. Patricia O’Campo

One of the first scientists to shine a light on the social determinants of health, Dr. Pat O’Campo continues to push for change: evidence-based health and social policies and programs to eliminate urban health inequities. Dr. O'Campo is a Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in Population Health Intervention Research.


  • Dr. Janice Du Mont (Women’s College Hospital)
  • Dr. Robin Mason (Women’s College Hospital)


  • Janisha Kamalanathan
  • Maha Hassan
  • Melissa Perri
  • Pearl Buhariwala


  • Aura Freedom International
  • Covenant House Toronto
  • Elizabeth Fry Toronto
  • Good Shepherd Hamilton
  • John Howard Society
  • Mission Services of Hamilton
  • Peer2Peer Consultants
  • Tactica Interactive

Contact Info

Pearl Buhariwala

Research Coordinator